President Donald Trump and congressional Republicans gifted U.S. corporations a massive financial windfall last year. The Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2017 slashed the top tax rate on corporations from 34 percent to 21 percent, handing big businesses a pile of extra cash to spend as they saw fit.
Trump claimed that the tax cut would be “rocket fuel” for the American economy. But that fuel has largely fizzled out before reaching workers’ pockets. Real wages have barely budged over the last two years despite steadily declining unemployment. Aside from a handful of one-off bonuses, the tax bill has had no noticeable effect on workers’ wages.
So where is the cash left over from the corporate tax cut going? Increasingly, into the pockets and portfolios of executives and shareholders. According to Politico:
Some of the biggest winners from President Donald Trump’s new tax law are corporate executives who have reaped gains as their companies buy back a record amount of stock, a practice that rewards shareholders by boosting the value of existing shares.
A POLITICO review of data disclosed in Securities and Exchange Commission filings shows the executives, who often receive most of their compensation in stock, have been profiting handsomely by selling shares since Trump signed the law on Dec. 22 and slashed corporate tax rates to 21 percent. That trend is likely to increase, as Wall Street analysts expect buyback activity to accelerate in the coming weeks.
Stock buybacks (which were illegal until 1982) are when corporations use their stockpiles of cash to repurchase their own stock. This inflates the value of their stock, juicing the compensation of their executives, too.
This is great for the shareholder class, but does next to nothing for workers. It’s a symptom of a larger trend where record-shattering corporate profitability increasingly fails to produce higher pay for workers. More and more, the corporate bounty has been hoarded the benefit of executives and shareholders, with barely a trickle for employees.
How do we combat this? Senators Cory Booker and Bob Casey have proposed a “Worker Dividend Act.” Under their bill, corporations pursuing massive stock buybacks would have to share the wealth with their employees. Here’s how it would work:
The total value of a company’s obligation would be calculated as the lesser between the total amount of that year’s stock buybacks and 50 percent of the company’s profits above $250 million. That total obligation would then be distributed equally to each of the company’s employees.
To see how this would play out, consider the example of Oracle, which announced it would repurchase $12 billion worth of its own shares. That’s nearly 75 percent of its total earnings last year, which totaled over $16 billion. (And that’s just about par for the course, as Sen. Booker notes: “[C]ompanies on the S&P 500 dedicated 91 percent of their total earnings to stock buybacks and corporate dividends, leaving just nine percent for things like raises for workers[.]”)
Under the Booker-Casey bill, Oracle would have owed its U.S. employees around $8 billion (the lesser of its $12 billion buyback and 50 percent of earnings over $250 million). That pool of money would then be split equally among the company’s American employees. Oracle had about 138,000 total employees around the world. That means its U.S. employees would be in line to receive $60,000 or more each.
Ideas like the Worker Divided Act would help correct the absurd power imbalance between corporations and workers in the twenty-first century economy. Workers deserve their fair share of the massive wealth sloshing around corporate coffers, not mere pennies on the dollar. Only government policy can make sure they get it.